Certain terms and abbreviations used in this website or otherwise used in the corporate public disclosure are defined below:
means Australian dollars.
financial measures, which excludes the following from net income and earnings per share: income tax expense/recovery; finance expenses and finance income; foreign exchange gains/losses and other income/expenses; gains/losses on the sale of investments; impairment charges related to royalty, stream and working interests and investments; depletion and depreciation; and non-cash costs of sales.
are non-IFRS financial measures, which excludes the following from net income and earnings per share: foreign exchange gains/losses and other income/
expenses; gains/losses on the sale of investments; impairment charges related to royalty, stream and working interests and investments; unusual non-
recurring items; and the impact of income taxes on these items.
means Advanced Minimum Royalty and is rent paid to the royalty holder prior to the payment of royalties on production. Once production begins, the AMR payments are then credited in full against stream of production royalty payments.
means the chemical symbol for the element gold.
means barrels per day.
means billion cubic feet.
mean barrels of oil equivalent.
means barrels of oil equivalent per day.
means Compounded Annual Growth Rate.
means the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum.
means the CIM Standards on Mineral Resources and Reserves Definition and Guidelines adopted by CIM Council on December 11, 2005, as amended from time to time.
is the product of physical concentration process, such as flotation or gravity concentration, which involves separating ore minerals from unwanted waste rock. Concentrates require subsequent processing (such as smelting or leaching) to break down or dissolve the ore minerals and obtain the desired elements, usually metals.
means the chemical symbol for the element copper.
means the lowest grade of Mineral Resource considered economic; used in the calculation of Mineral Reserves and Mineral Resources in a given deposit.
is a type of drill in which the rock cutting is done by abrasion, with a diamond impregnated bit, rather than by percussion. The drill cuts a core of rock which is recovered in long cylindrical sections. Syn: “core drill”.
is the angle between a horizontal plane and an inclined surface such as a rock formation, fault or vein.
is a horizontal passage underground that follows along the length of a vein of rock formation.
means environmental mpact statement.
means a fracture in a rock where there has been displacement of the two sides.
means the chemical symbol for iron.
means a comprehensive study of a mineral deposit in which all geological, engineering, legal, operation, economic, social, environmental and other relevant factors are considered in sufficient detail that it could reasonably serve as a basis by a financial institution to finance the development of a deposit for mineral production.
is a process by which mineral particles are induced to become attached to bubbles and float, in an ore and water slurry, so that the valuable minerals are concentrated at the slurry surface and separated from the worthless gangue.
means breaks in a rock, usually due to intensive folding or faulting.
means Franco-Nevada Corporation and is also referred to as “Franco”, “FNV”, “the Company”, “Corporation”, “management”, “we”, or “our” in this Asset Handbook.
means an interest in real property.
means grams per tonne.
means Gross Overriding Royalty and is the right to receive a royalty based on the gross value of the minerals produced with few, if any, deductions therefrom. Usually employed for non-metallic projects.
means Gross Royalty and is a royalty based on all revenues in cash or in-kind products received by the operator for the sale of product.
means the concentration of each ore metal in a rock sample, usually given as weight percent. Where extremely low concentrations are involved, the concentration may be given in grams per tonne (g/t) or oz per ton (oz/t).
means the mining
industry guide entitled “Description of Property by Issuers Engaged or to be Engaged in Significant Mining Operations” contained in the Securities Act Industry Guides published by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, as amended.
means hectares; 10,000 square metres.
is the process of extracting gold and silver by placing broken ore on an impermeable pad and applying a diluted cyanide solution that dissolves a portion of the contained gold and silver, which are then recovered in metallurgical processes.
has the meaning ascribed to the term
“indicated mineral resource” pursuant to CIM Definitions.
has the meaning ascribed to the term “inferred mineral resource” pursuant to CIM Definitions.
means the Australasian Code for Reporting of Mineral Resources and Reserves prepared by the Joint Ore Reserves Committee of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Australian Institute of Geoscientists and Mineral Council of Australia, as amended.
represents square kilometre.
means thousand ounces.
means thousand tonnes.
means life of mine.
means Measured and Indicated.
means thousand barrels.
means thousand barrels of oil equivalent.
means thousand cubic feet.
has the meaning ascribed to the term “measured mineral resource” pursuant to CIM Definitions.
means the royalty interests in precious and base metal properties and certain equity interests owned by Franco-Nevada.
usually implies minerals of value occurring in rocks.
means millions of pounds.
means million barrels of oil.
means million cubic feet per day.
means million cubic feet.
means the chemical symbol for the element molybdenum.
means million ounces.
means million tonnes per annum.
means Natural Gas Liquids.
means the chemical symbol for the element nickel.
means National Instrument 43-101 - Standards of Disclosure for Mineral Projects of the Canadian Securities Administrators.
means National Instrument 51-101 - Standards of Disclosure for Oil & Gas Activities of the Canadian Securities Administrators.
means Net Profit Interest: the profits after deduction of expenses.
has the meaning ascribed to it under “Royalties and streams explained”.
means Net Proceeds Royalties: which is the profits after deduction of expenses.
means Net Royalty Interest: paid net of operating and capital costs (similar to an NPI).
means Net Smelter Return: Which is the proceeds returned from the smelter and/or refinery to the mine owner less certain costs.
means the royalty interests, working interests and oil and natural gas mineral rights in oil and natural gas properties owned by Franco-Nevada.
is a surface working open to daylight, such as a quarry.
means a natural aggregate of one or more minerals which may be mined and sold at a profit, or from which some part may be profitably separated.
means Overriding Royalty: A percentage share of production, which is free of all costs of drilling and producing, and is created by the lessee or working interest owner and paid by the lessee or working interest owner.
represents ounce (troy). 1 troy ounce = 1.097 avoirdupois ounce.
represents troy ounces per short ton.
means Proven and Probable.
means the chemical symbol for the element lead.
means the chemical symbol for the element palladium.
means preliminary feasibility study.
means the platinum group of metals, including but not limited to Palladium, Platinum, Rhodium, Osmium, and Rhenium.
is an igneous rock of any composition that contains conspicuous, large mineral grains (phenocrysts) in a fine-grained matrix.
means a comprehensive study of the viability of a mineral project that has advanced to a stage where the mining method, in the case of underground mining, or the pit configuration, in the case of an open pit, has been established and an effective method of mineral processing has been determined, and includes a financial analysis based on reasonable assumptions of technical, engineering, legal, operating, economic, social, and environmental factors and the evaluation of other relevant factors which are sufficient for a qualified person, acting reasonably, to determine if all or part of the mineral resource may be classified as a mineral reserve.
in respect of Mineral Reserves has the meaning ascribed to the term “probable mineral reserve” pursuant to CIM Definitions.
are those additional oil & gas reserves that are less certain to be recovered than proved reserves. It is equally likely that the actual remaining quantities recovered will be greater or less than the sum of the estimated proved plus probable reserves.
are those oil & gas reserves that can be estimated with a high degree of certainty to be recoverable. It is likely that the actual remaining quantities recovered will exceed the estimated proved reserves.
in respect of Mineral Reserves has the meaning ascribed to the term “proven mineral reserve” pursuant to CIM Definitions.
means the chemical symbol for the element platinum.
for the purposes of NI 43-101, is an individual who is an engineer or geoscientist with at least five years of experience in mineral exploration, mine development or operation or mineral project assessment, or any combination of these; and has experience relevant to the subject matter of the mineral project; and who is a member in good standing of a recognized self-regulatory organization of engineers or geoscientists.
means collectively, in respect of Mineral Reserves, Probable Reserves and Proven Reserves, or in respect of oil and natural gas reserves, Probable Reserves and Proved Reserves.
means a concentration or occurrence of diamonds, natural solid inorganic material, or natural solid fossilized organic material including base and precious metals, coal, and industrial minerals in or on the earth’s crust in such form and quantity and of such a grade or quality that it has reasonable prospects for economic extraction.
means Royalty Equivalent Units.
means mined ore which has not been subjected to any pre-treatment, such as washing, sorting or crushing prior to metallurgical processing.
means the South African Code for Reporting of Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves prepared by the South African Mineral Committee under the auspices of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, as amended.
is an intermediate stage metallurgical process in which metal is separated from impurities by using thermal or chemical separation techniques.
means an excavation in an underground mine from which ore is being or has been extracted.
means the trend or direction of the intersection of a dipping a layer of rock, fault, vein or other geologic feature with a horizontal surface.
means material rejected after recoverable valuable minerals have been extracted from the ore or concentrate.
is 2,000 pounds. Syn; short ton.
means 1,000 kilograms.
means tonnes per annum.
means an epigenetic mineral filling of a fault or other fracture, in tabular or sheet-like form, often with associated replacement of the host rock; a mineral deposit of this form and origin.
is rock which is not ore and usually has to be removed during the normal course of mining to get at the ore.
means working interest.
means the chemical symbol for the element zinc.